Sea ice and also the balances regarding northern and you can northeast Greenland floating glaciers

Sea ice and also the balances regarding northern and you can northeast Greenland floating glaciers

This new telecommunications anywhere between sea frost and you may glaciers has been read having brand new floating tongue away from Nioghalvfjerdsfjorden glacier, northeast Greenland (79°30’N, 22° W). Information out of glacial geological knowledge, expedition accounts, aerial photographs and you will satellite files can be used in order to document this new glacier top position and you may fast-frost standards on millennial so you can decadal day-balances. The studies indicate that the soundness of the floating glacier margin will be based upon the existence of a preserving prompt-ice cover ahead of the glacier. When you look at the periods with a permanent punctual-ice safety, no calving happen, however, after timely-ice break-up the glacier responds with a big calving pastime, in which years of gathered glacier-ice flux out of the blue trips out. Climate-created changes of sea-freeze criteria on Cold Ocean with regular break-right up of near-coast quick frost may lead to disintegration of your own drifting glaciers. The present dominating size loss of the base melting carry out following in order to a huge extent be used over of the grounding-range calving off icebergs. Your regional increase out of fresh water from the northern Greenland glaciers with the water would be reduced plus the local iceberg manufacturing do improve.


Submarine and you can satellite-built findings inform you a critical reduced amount of the total amount and you may occurrence from this new Cold ocean-ice safety over the last 20?3 decades ( Site Johannessen, Shalina and you may Miles Johannessen, 1999). If continued, this could result in a significantly other ice-ocean-ambiance regime from the Cold, from the switching heat and you may size transfers and water stratification. This might dictate the latest glaciation of one’s property section against this new Snowy oceans due to transform from snowfall buildup and you will/otherwise facial skin melting. not, transform of your own near-coast ocean-freeze standards may have a deeper impact on the newest residential property-mainly based glaciations. Punctual freeze is at present popular along the rim of the Cold Water. Regarding the really serious environment out-of north and you can northeast Greenland, prompt freeze could possibly get establish in order to a sizeable thickness and you will cut off entrances from fjords having s Wadhams, 1981), impacting the fresh size equilibrium of glaciers in your neighborhood. Right now, many socket glaciers on north and you can northeast Greenland groups of the brand new Greenland ice-sheet (inland frost) is actually described as lengthened drifting areas. The partial-long lasting ocean-frost safeguards seems to protect the latest drifting glacier tongues and suppress him or her from disintegrating. The major size losings regarding glaciers is via intensive base melting averaging several yards away from freeze annually ( Resource Rignot, Gogineni, Krabill and you may Ekholm Rignot while others, 1997; Site Thomsen Thomsen while others, 1997; Source Reeh, Mayer, Miller, Thomsen and Weidick Reeh and others, 1999a). The fresh new resulting new-water-supply toward water most likely plays an important role inside keeping the newest semi-long lasting timely-frost coverage ahead of the glaciers ( Source Mayer, Reeh, Jung-Rothenhausler, Huybrechts and you can Oerter ).

Today, the loss because of the calving in the way of split-right up of the front the main glaciers into the kilometre-sized tabular frost countries certain 10s regarding metres thicker comprises simply a small fraction of the entire mass losses. The new frost isles float out of the glacier fronts on condition that neighborhood water ice breaks right up, an unusual event and therefore significantly less than expose weather conditions happen at the menstruation as much as several ages ( Resource Higgins Higgins 1989, Resource Higgins 1991).

Nioghalvfjerdsfjorden Glacier

Communication anywhere between glaciers and sea frost could have been learned in the Nioghalvfjerdsfjorden glacier, northeast Greenland (79°30’N, 22° W). Brand new glacier is all about 80 kilometer a lot of time and you will 21 km broad halfway down its size, widening so you’re able to about 29 kilometres on main frost side. A north department of your own glacier, 8 kilometer greater, drains with the fjord Dijmphna Sund to the west of Hovgaard 0 (Fig. 1). Brand new external ? six 0 kilometer of your glacier are afloat, having an excellent grounding part near the Greenland ice-sheet near this new western branch of one’s ice-dammed lake Blaso (Fig. 1).